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小升初英语基本语法: There be结构

[08-24]   来源:http://www.sparkbyadri.com  小升初英语指导   阅读:111

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正文:

  1)英语中的There be 结构意思是“有”,表示在某地或某时有某人或某物。There be 结构强调的是“存在关系”。There be 结构中的be具有时态变化(is, are, was, were). There be后接的如果是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be只能是单数形式is或was;如:There is a book on the desk. There was some milk in the bottle yesterday. 如:There be后接的如果是复数可数名词时,一定要用复数形式are 或were。There are some books on the desk.  There were some books on the desk yesterday.

  2)在英语中表示“有”这一概念除了there be结构以外,还有have/ has。它们的用法区别:have/ has表示“某物归某人所有”,强调所属关系,而there be指“在某地或某时有某人或某物”,强调存在关系。比较:There is a bus in our school.(只表示存在,bus不一定属于学校)

  Our school has a bus.(表示我们学校拥有bus这一财产).考查there be 句型的常见题型有单项填空、完型填空、句型转换和改错等。做这类题时,必须首先认真理解全句的意思,看是表示“存在”的“有”还是“拥有”来决定是否用there be还是用其他句型。

  3)There be可以有现在时(there is/are)、过去时(there was/were)、将来时(there is/are going to be或there will be)和完成时(there have/has been);还可用there must be ,there can‘t be, there used to be等

  4)反意疑问句的构成:be (not) there?

  5)主谓一致:There be 结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致,遵循就近原则。

  注意:

  1.句型中含有some时,变为否定句、疑问句时一般要改为any。

  2.对数量提问:How many +可数名词复数 + are there +…?

  How much +不可数名词 + is there +…?

  3.对句中 sth.部分提问一般用What’s +地点状语?有时也用What‘s there +地点状语?

  4.there be 句型中有时不用动词be ,而用come , live ,stand , lie, seem to be ,     happen to be ,等

  练习:

  I.将下列句子改成否定句和一般疑问句,并作肯定与否定回答。

  1. There is some juice in the fridge.

  ______________________________________________________

  2. There were two apple trees in front of the house two years ago.

  ______________________________________________________

  II..用there be或have的适当形式填空。

  1. ________ any pencils in your pencil-box?

  2. ________ you _____________ any pencils in your pencil- box?

  3. Lucy ___________ a twin sister, Lily.

  4. _________ a TV in our classroom last term.

  5. How many hours ___________ in a day?

  6.  -How many legs ______ a table ________?  - It _______ four.

  7. -What’s in your bedroom?

  -__________________ a bed, a desk and some chairs.

  8.. My parents _____ two children and ________ four people in my family.

  III.单项填空。

  (   )1. There ___ any rice in the bowl.

  A. are      B. is      C. isn‘t     D. aren’t

  (   )2.There ___ many apples on the tree last year.

  A. have been    B. were      C. are      D. is

  (   )3.How many ___ are there in the room ?

  A. apple     B. students    C. milk      D. paper

  (   )4.Do you know if ___ a meeting next Sunday ?

  A. there was going to have    B. there was going to be

  C. is there going to be       D. there will be

  (   )5.There is some milk in the bottle, ____ ?

  A.isn‘t there     B.aren’t there    C.isn‘t it    D.are there

  (   )6.There ____ a lot of good news in today’s newspaper.

  A. is     B. are   C. was   D. were

  (   )7.There ____ pencil-box, two books and some flowers on the desk.

  A. is a    B. are some    C. has a    D. have some

  (   )8. There is little water in the glass, ____ ?

  A. isn‘t there   B. isn’t it    C. is it   D. is there

  (   )9. -There is no air or water on the moon. Is there?   - ____.

  A. Yes, there are    B. No, there isn‘t C. Yes, there isn’t   D. No, there is

  (   )10. -What did you see in the basket then ?

  -There ____ a bottle of orange and some oranges.

  A. is     B. are     C. was     D. were www.sparkbyadri.com

  (   )11. ____ is there on the table?

  A. How many apples   B. How much bread C. How much breads  D. How many food

  (   )12. There isn‘t ____ paper in the box.. Will you go and get some for me?

  A. any     B. some    C. a    D. an

  (   )13. There ____ something wrong with our classroom.

  A. are     B. has    C. is      D. have

  (   )14. There is some ____ on the table.

  A. apple   B. orange   C. cake    D. sandwich


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